天津教会历史及现况

天津市 Tianjin Municipality
天津教会The Church in Tianjin
以往天津是属于直隶施天津教会则属北京教区管辖天津教会于1912年脱离了北京自成一个代牧区。
In the past, Tianjin was in the province of Zhili. The Church in Tianjin was administered by the Beijing Diocese. In 1912, Tianjin was separated from Beijing and became an independent Vicariate.
殖民权势在天津获得租界,激起了人民排外的情绪。1869年,望海楼教堂归还法国传教士并重新命名为“胜利之圣母”堂。
Colonial powers established concessions in Tianjin. Anti-foreign feelings were aroused in the population. In 1869, the Wanghailou church was restored by French missionaries and renamed Our Lady of Victories.
1870年6月,教堂遭人纵火,两位神父与十位修女遭杀害,教堂及孤儿院在获得中国政府的赔偿后重建。
In June 1870, rioters set fire to the church, killing 2 priests and 10sisters. Church and orphanage were then rebuilt with the compensation paid by the civil authorities.
圣母会修士(1891年)及方济各会修女(1914年)于天津开办了闻名的天主教学校。耶稣会会士也于1922年创办了工商学校。二十世纪初期,在比利时遣使会雷鸣远神父的协助展开了一个爱国运动。
Famous Catholic Schools were opened in Tianjin by the Marist Brothers(1891)and the F.M.M.sisters(1914).In 1922, the Jesuits founded the Industrial and Commercial School. In the early 20th century, a Chinese patriotic movement developed in Tianjinwith the support of the Belgian Lazarist Vincent Lebbe.
1911年来自传信会(1909年成立)的在俗教友们召开了第一届会议。领袖们对当局计划将儒家思想规列为国教提出了不同的意见。1916年10月10日,民主革命五周年纪念日当天,他们创办了天主教益世日报。不幸的是,法国领事欲扩大租界:把老西开教堂划入租界内,领事及主教遭到雷神父及教友领袖们的力反对。雷神父因此被调离天津。
Lay people formed an Association for the Propagation of the faith in 1909. They held their first congress in 1911. Catholic leaders opposed a governmental project to impose Confucianism as a State Religion. On the 10th of October 1916, 5th anniversary of the Republican Revolution, they launched the Catholic Daily Yishibao. Unfortunately, the French Consul attempted to expand the French concession with the land at Laoxikai church. He and the bishop met with strong opposition from the part of Fr. Lebbe and the Chinese catholic leaders. Fr. Lebbe was removed from Tianjin.
雷鸣远的朋友当中,英敛之最明白天主教高等教育的必要。1902年,英敛之在天津创办了大公报,藉此唤醒人们对天主教的认识。自1913年至1926年寿终,英敛之完全致力于辅仁天主教大学的建校筹备工作。
Among V.Lebbe’s Chinese friends Vincent Ying Lianzhi was well known for his contribution to catholic education. In 1902, he had launched in Tianjin the Jouenal Dagongbao with a view to enlighten people on the Christian teachings. From 1913 to his death in 1926, he spent all his energies towards the foundation of Furen Catholic University.
天津教区Tianjin Diocese
(北京-东南147公里)(147km south-east of Beijing)
过去:Past:
分出冀海滨代牧区(1912)V.A.of Tchely Maritime 1912
由遣使会管理under the Frenh Lazarists CM
1912-1920杜保禄 Paul Dumond CM
天津代牧区(1924)Vicariate of Tianjin 1924
天津教区(1946) Tianjin Diocese 1946
1920-1951文贵宾 Jean de Vienne CM
1953- 张弼德 Johannes Zhang
1958- 李德培 Li Depei
1948年教会统计 1948 Church Statistics
圣堂:260座 Catholic churches: 260
司铎:80位(中国48,外国32) Priests: 80 (Chinese 48, Foreign 32)
修女:173位(中国100,外国73)Sisters:173 (Chinese 100, Foreign 73)
教友:50,000人 Catholics: 50,000
现在:Present:
政区划分:Civil Administrative Divisions:
8个城区,5郊区,8 City Districts, 5 in the suburbs,
+蓟县,宝坻县,武清县,静海县,宁河县。
+Jixian, Baodixian, Wuqingxian, Jinghaixian, Ninghexian
主教:石洪臣(1982年8月11日私下祝圣,1992年5月27日正式就职)
 Bishop: Shi Hongchen ( privately consec. On Aug. 11, 1982, openly installed on May 27, 1992)
 地址:天津市和平区西宁道9号[300052] Address: 9 Xiningdao, Hepingqu [300052]
 电话:022-2781 1929 Tel.: 022-2781 1929
主教专线:022-2635 1172 Special line: 022-2635 1172
李思德(非官方,1989年12月9日被逮捕,1991年6月7日获释)
Li Side (unofficial, arrested on Dec. 9, 1989, freed on June 7, 1991)
石鸿桢(非官方)Shi Hongzhen (unofficial)
神父:30位 Priests: 30
教区神父名单 Priests names.
1989.12.21:朱立戈 1989: Zhu Lige
1991.12.21:张良,王学凌 1991: Zhang Liang, Wang Xueling
1992.07.25:刘行杰 1992: Liu Xingjie
1992:郭树君 1992: Guo Shujun
1995.02.05:徐海明1995: Xu Haiming
1995.07.16:柴伟,赵健君,袁树国,袁振彬
1995: Chai Wei, Zhao Jianjun, Yuan Shuguo, Yuan Zhenbin
1996.03.10:孙建强 1996: Sun Jianqiang
1999.11.30:石岩贺,王世军,郄全景 1999: Shi Yanhe, Wang Shijun, Qie Quanjing
2000.08.06:常国文,韩雨亭,侯文 2000: Chang Guowen, Han Yuting, Hou Wen
2001.11.30:穆金钟 2001: Mu Jinzhong
2002.01.01:王景峰 2002: Wang Jingfeng
2002.06.29:李冬 2002: Li Dong
2002.11.30:吉树荣,徐会军,张玉金,张忠,高少苍,张志周,李兆强
2002: Ji Shurong, Xu Huijun, ZhangYujin, Zhang Zhong, Gao Shaocang, Zhang Zhizhou, Li Zhaoqiang
修生:14位 Seminarians:14
 (在上海,北京,沈阳) (in Beijing, Shanghai, Shenyang)
修女:仁爱修女会34人 Sisters: 34 sisters of Charity
 (其中8位已发终生愿)(8 of them have taken their solemn vows)
教友:十万名Faithful: 100,000
天津市区天主堂 Tianjin City Churches
若瑟堂(老西开)Church of St. Joseph (Laoxikai)
地址:天津市,和平区,西宁道9号,邮政编码[300052]
Address: Hepingqu 9 Xining dao, TIANJIN [300052]
电话:022-2781 1929 Tel.: 022-2781 1929
传真:022-2781 1252 Fax: 022-2781 1252
公共汽车:3路 Bus: #03
神父:张良,李冬,张志周 Priests: Zhang Liang, Li Dong, Zhang Zhizhou
教友人数:30,000 Faithful: 30,000
平日弥撒:6.00,7.30 Daily mass: 6.00,7.30 am
主日弥撒:6.00,7.30,10.00;晚19.00 Sunday mass: 6.00,7.30, 10.00; 19.00
堂区网页:www.tjdiocese.com Diocese Web site: www.tjdiocese.com
老西开天主堂简史 Brief History of Laoxikai Church
老西开天主堂又称法国教堂,位于天津和平区滨江道独山路原墙子河外老西开一带,故名。教堂于1980年8月15日,圣母升天大瞻礼正式复堂。
Laoxikai Church is also called “The French Church”.It was officially re-opened on 15 August 1980 on the Feast of Assumption of Our Lady.
西开天主堂面积相当大,可容纳教友二千人。该堂平日有两台弥撒:早上五时及六时。参加平日弥撒的教友超过一千人。主日则有四台弥撒。
The size of the church is fairly big. It can accommodate about 2,000 people. There are two weekday masses, 5.00 a.m. and 6.00 a.m. More than a thousand people attend the weekday masses. There are 4 masses on Sundays.
西开天主堂是一座巍峨宏伟的罗马式建筑物,始建于1914年三年后才正式落成。大教堂采用法国罗马式建筑造型,平面呈长十字架正面和后部耸立高大塔楼三座。以黄红花砖砌成。上砌翠绿色圆肚形尖顶,檐下为半圆形拱窗。
Xikai Catholic Church is an imposing and grand building, adopting the French Romanesque style of architecture. Construction work first commenced in 1914 and it was completed 3 years later. The plane assumes the shape of a long cross. Three towers rise above the front and back. The tiles on the roof of the stairs turrets are yellow and red. Those of the domes above the towers are green. The large windows form an arch under the naves.
堂内为三通廊式,内墙彩绘壁画,装饰华丽。是天津教堂中规模最大的一座。教堂旁边的房屋是过去的主教府及神父宿舍。
The interior of the church is divided into 3 naves. The inner face of the walls is painted with colourful scenes and beautifully decorated. It is the biggest church in Tianjin. The buildings by the sides of the church were the Bishop’s House and priests’ residenc.
怎样去老西开?How to go to Laoxikai?
从友谊宾馆可看见西边的教堂。搭号车沿教堂的方向到滨江道下车,然后南行至教堂。
From the Friendship Hotel, you can see the towers of the church in the west. Take bus no.3 in that direction to the stop Binjiang dao. Then walksouthwards to the church.
天津大修院 Tianjin Major Seminary
 (1994年9月1日开学)(opened on Sept, 1, 1994)
院长:李文忠 Rector: Li Wenzhong
地址:狮子林大街292号邮政编码:[300143] Address:292 Shizilin Dajie Tianjin [300143]
电话:022-2635 1172 Tel.: 022-2635 1172
教师:王学凌神父 Superior: Fr. Wang Xueling
修生:30多名 Students: 30 over
望海楼天主堂 Wanghailou Catholic Church
主教:石洪臣 Bishop: Shi Hongchen
神父:石岩贺,高少仓 Priest: Shi Yanhe, Gao Shaocang
地址:天津市河北区狮子林街292号望海楼天主堂[300143]
Address: Wanghailou Church, 292 Shizilin Street, Hebeiqu, Tianjin [300143]
电话:022-2635 1172 Tel.: 022-2635 1172
教友人数:10,000 Faithful: 10,000
怎样去?How to go there?
天主堂在海河的东岸,在十字林桥的北面。从市中心顺河岸向北走便可到达。
The church is on the east bank of the Hai river, north of the Shizilin Bridge. From the city center follow the river banl towards the north.
历史简介Brief History
望海楼天主堂,建于1773年,曾作皇帝行宫,清高宗宏历御题《海河楼》。咸丰十一年(1861)与毗邻的崇禧观(旧称香林院)旧地合并为法国租界地。
Wanghailou Catholic Church was built in 1773. It was once an imperial residence. Emperor Gaozong of the Qing dynasty named it “Haihelou”. In 1861 in the 11th year of the reign of Emperor Xian Feng ,it was amalgamated with adjoining Chongxiguan formerly known as Xianglinyuan to form the French concessions.
1869年底修建教堂,改名为《圣母得胜之后堂》亦名《圣母荣胜堂》。1870年6月21日的天津教案后,望海楼天主堂曾被愤怒的天津市民焚毁。二十七年后即1897年,望海楼教堂又在原址上重建。
In 1869, the church was repaired and the name was changed to Church of Our Lady of Victories. On 21 June 1870 in the wake of the Tianjin incident, it was burnt down by the angry citizens of Tianjin. In 1897, it was rebuilt on its original site.
三年后(1900)适逢庚子教难,望海楼再度遭殃。
Three years later in 1900 during the boxer Rebellion, Wanghailou was again destroyed.
1904年教会获庚子赔款,于是望海楼天主堂得到第二次重建,并在圣堂两侧建主教府及男女公学。直至1914年,主教府才迁往西开天主堂。
In 1904, the Catholic Church was indemnified for the Boxer Rebellion. For the second time, the Wanghailou Church was rebuilt. In addition, a Bishop’s house and a public school for boys and girls were built by the sides of the Church. The Bishop’s house was transferred to Xikai Catholic Church in 1914.
望海楼天主堂在文革期间第三次遭受严重的破坏,后来更在1976年受到唐山大地震的殃及,致使塔楼断裂,后堂倒塌,墙壁倾斜,残破不堪。
During the Cultural Revolution, Wanghailou Church suffered serious damage for the third time.It was again wrecked during the great Tangshan earthquake in 1976. Its tower cracked. The hall at the back collapsed. The gables tilted. The whole place was in a dilapidated state.
1984年,破烂的望海楼天主堂始归还教会,并于年中动工修建,经过约半年的工程,终于在1985年12月8日,圣母无原罪瞻礼才正式复堂而该堂也成为天津市文物保护单位之一。
In 1984, the dilapidated Wanghailou Church was returned to the Catholic Church. Renovation work commenced in mid-1984. After half a year’s work, it was officially opened on the 8th of December 1985, the Feast of the Immaculate Conception. The church is now classified as a municipality’s cultural relic.
紫竹林女修院天主堂 Zizhulin Church
仁爱修女会 营口道14号[300041]
Sisters of Charity Convent 14 Yingkou avenue [300041]
电话:022-2312 7396 Tel.: 022-2312 7396
南开区西南角天主堂[300092] Nankaiqu xinanjiao Catholic Church
 (1998年3月19日祝圣)(consec.on March 19,1998)
神父:赵建军 Priest: Zhao Jianjun
 天津郊区天主堂 Tianjin Suburban Churches
西郊西青区 West suburbs Xiqingqu
李七庄乡边村天主堂[300381] Liqizhuang Biancun Cat. Church [300381]
神父:侯文 Priest: Hou Wen
教友人数:500名 Faithful: 500
南郊 South-west
庄村天主堂 Zhuangcun Catholic Church
公共汽车157路 Bus # 157
教友:四十户 Faithful:40 families
北闸口镇仁字营[300350] Beizhakouzhen Renziying [300350]
耶稣圣心堂 Sacred Heart Church
神父:穆金钟 Priest: Mu Jinzhong
教友人数:3,000名 Faithful: 3,000
东郊East
东丽区么六桥向阳村天主堂[300300] Dongliqu Xiangyangcun Church
搭51路公车(到塘沽)至张贵庄,转67路到向阳村(终站)
Take bus 51(direction Tanggu) to ZhangguizhuangChange bus 67 to Xiangyangcun
神父:王世军 Priest: Wang Shijun
教友人数:1,000名 Faithful: 1,000
西北区 North-west
武清区 Wuqing
曹子里乡前台村大三庄天主堂[301700] Caozilixiang Dasanzhuang Cat. Church
神父:常国文 Priest: Chang Gouwen
教友人数:1,000名 Faithful: 1,000
白古屯乡小韩村天主堂[301712] Baigutun Xiaohancun Church [301712]
神父:袁振彬 Priest: Yuan Zhenbin
教友人数:5,000名 Faithful: 5,000
黄庄乡城上村[301700] Huangzhuangxiang Chengshangcun
圣家天主堂(2002年9月7日祝圣)Holy Family Church (consec. 7-9-2002)
神父:李兆强 Priest: Li Zhaoqiang
教友人数:1,000名Faithful: 1,000
北辰区 North
青光乡铁锅店天主堂[300401] Qingguangxiang Tieguodian Church
神父:暂缺 Priest: Vacant
教友人数:500名Faithful: 500
宝抵县 Baodi
 (天津以北80公里)(80 Km north of Tianjin)
郝各庄乡侯家庄村天主堂[301800] Haogezhuangxiang Houjiazhuang Church
神父:苏德谦 Priest: Su Deqian
教友人数:4,000名Faithful: 4,000
黑狼口乡老庄子天主堂[301800] Heilangkouxiang Laozhuangzi Cat. Church
神父:徐海明 Priest: Xu Haiming
蓟县 Jixian (T J)
 (宝抵以北46公里)(46 km north of Baodi)
蓟县天主堂 Jixian Catholic Church
地址:洇溜镇八里庄四区110号[301900] 110,4th district, Balizhuang, Yinliuzhen [301900]
离县城20公里远的天主教团体 Catholic community, 20km from Jixian city
神父:孙全信 Priest: Sun Quanxin
李思德主教住的地方。Residence of Bishop Li Side.
杨津庄圣母无染原罪堂 Yangjinzhuang Immaculate Conception.Church

Advertisements

作者: Domdionysius

罗马天主教徒,教名雅各·比约,奉行传统主义,追随圣庇护十世司铎会。幽燕独立运动发起者之一。

发表评论

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / 更改 )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / 更改 )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / 更改 )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / 更改 )

Connecting to %s